Kaleidoscope effect

Jewellery kaleidoscope

Castellani antique style jewellery

Castellani antique style jewellery

Masterpiece of 19th century jewellery art – gold brooch with micromosaic. Castellani antique style jewellery

Castellani antique style jewellery
Fortunato Pio Castellani (1794-1865) became known as the pioneer of the revival of Greek and Etruscan styles. He produced his masterpieces in antique style in cooperation with his sons: Alessandro (1823-1883) and Augusto (1829-1914). By the end of the 1850s, Castellani’s workshop in Rome became a pilgrimage site for the British, who sought to obtain delightful gold ornaments with decorative motifs from the arsenal of classicism: shells, rosettes, urns, amphorae, rams, etc.
Noteworthy, Castellani reinterpreted the Greek and Etruscan styles in a new way. And before him the jewelers believed that nothing new could be learned from this period. Castellani also turned to the recent past, studied the methods of gold processing, but then set himself a difficult task: to discover the secret of Etruscan granulation. He managed to achieve impressive results and create a method, similar o that used by the Etruscans.

Gorgeous Castellani gold brooch on the motives of Christian iconograph. Precious stones, pearls

Gorgeous Castellani gold brooch on the motives of Christian iconograph. Precious stones, pearls. Castellani antique style jewellery

In 1870, Castellani announced that he had discovered the secret of the ancient Etruscans, studying the technique of working with gold in a remote village in the Apennines. Even if Castellani did discover the technique used by the Etruscans, for obvious reasons, he never described it. However, most likely, he simply worked in a similar technique, which made it possible to achieve a good result, but not the genuine subtlety and lightness of the original.

In fact, Castellani got inspiration and copied ancient originals discovered during the autopsy of the tomb of Regolini Galassi in Cerveteri in 1836, as well as excavations of Vulci, Chiusi, Orvieto and Tarquinia. Also, Milos, Rhodes and Knossos made their contribution. In addition, Castellani always had access to the famous Campana collection, which included, among other things, hundreds of Greek, Etruscan and Roman ornaments of the highest quality: necklaces, diadems, brooches, hanging earrings, rings and bracelets, often with granulation and filigree.

The Castellani jewelers, thanks to their close friendship with Cavalier Campana, were able to form his collection. For documentary purposes, they recreated all the gold products that entered it. The Castellani workshop was in a privileged position with regard to the commercial reproduction of the ornaments from the Campana collection.

Castellani antique style jewellery

White doves Stunning micromosaic brooch. Castellani antique style jewellery

Fibulas, bracelets and fringed necklaces in the Greek style were in great demand among women of fashion. Accordingly, that maintained interest in the elegant products of Castellani. They also made brooches with Roman mosaics in the Byzantine spirit with religious Greek and Latin sayings, products with scarabs and diadems made of oak and laurel leaves.

Almost all their products Castellani marked with a monogram of two interlacing “C” soldered to the product. There are three types of Castellani signatures: it is a monogram in the center of the cartouche; just a monogram; and – the rarest – the monogram “ACC”, which, most likely, marked only the work of Alessandro Castellani.

Castellani antique style jewellery

source
Jewellery art guide, 1989. Rodnik publisher