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Glorious Italian jewellery designer Carlo Giuliano

Glorious Italian jewellery designer Carlo Giuliano

Egyptian style brooch. Circa 1865-1895. Made of Gold, rubies, diamonds, pearls and enamel. Work by glorious Italian jewellery designer Carlo Giuliano (1831-1895)

Glorious Italian jewellery designer Carlo Giuliano
Born in 1831, Carlo Giuliano was a renowned specialist of his craft, an antiques dealer, and the personal jeweler of Queen Victoria.
Most likely, Carlo Giuliano, a native of Naples (1831-1895), was trained in Castellani’s workshop in Rome, where he made decorations in archaeological style. Around 1860, he arrived in London and opened a workshop on Fritth Street, in which he produced jewelry for such companies as Hunt and Roskell, Robert Phillips and K.F. Hancock. Noteworthy, he sold his works in their own branded cases and signed with his name.
Sometimes on such ornaments there is a mark of the jeweler, “C.G.”, and a mark of the seller. His products were in demand, and in 1874 Giuliano opened his own shop on Piccadilly Street, 115, in which, after the death of the master, his sons Carlo-Joseph and Arthur continued the family business. They worked until 1912, when the store moved to Knightsbridge, and then – closed because of the outbreak of the First World War.

Glorious Italian jewellery designer Carlo Giuliano

1895 brooch. Diamonds, rubies, chrysoprase, gold. The work of the master and his sons. Glorious Italian jewellery designer Carlo Giuliano

Sensitive to the ancient classicism, Carlo Giuliano was famous for his ornaments in the style of neo-Renaissance. He was able to adapt it to modern fashion with an invariably excellent taste and rarely copied from the originals of the Renaissance. Besides, he was famous for diamond-shaped pendants with a perforated vegetable pattern, decorated with enamel, pearls and gems. Also, bracelets-strips and necklaces consisting of several rows of small pearls, and graceful pendants.

Giuliano almost eliminated bright colors of his compositions, covering ornaments with white and blue or black enamel-pique. In fact, he preferred tiny cabochons to glittering faceted stones. And when the Renaissance style fashion began to wane, he began to use less motives of this period, but never completely refused them. Highly appreciated at the beginning of the 20th century, Giuliano jewelry became a family business.

Carlo-Joseph and Arthur Giuliano worked in the style of their father, perhaps even with more subtlety and attention to pastel colors and plant patterns. Carlo Giuliano also used Egyptian motifs – from the mid-1860s to the mid-1880s, he produced brooches with enamel, faience scarabs and parure in the spirit of the Pharaohs. The sons Giuliano subsequently made a number of ornaments in the style of art nouveau, but on the whole this artistic movement did not have any special influence on them.

Like Castellani, Giuliano usually signed his products. Early works of Carlo Giuliano in the archaeological style were often marked with the monogram “C.G.”, similar to the intertwined “C” of Castellani. Since 1863 almost all Giuliano’s products have been signed with the monogram “C.G.” in the oval. After the death of their father in 1896, Carlo-Joseph and Arthur developed a new signature – the monogram “C. & amp; A.G.” in the oval.

Glorious Italian jewellery designer Carlo Giuliano

Sources
Encyclopedia of jewelry
Collector’s Guide by Judith Miller. Moscow. Publisher Astrel. 2004
Jewelry Art. Illustrated guide to jewelry. Art – source, edition in Russian, 2005
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