Signed Mexico vintage costume jewelry
Signed Mexico vintage costume jewelry
Mexico is a generic label adopted for all silver jewelery made in Mexico. And next to it is the mark of the master and the sample, or just a sample, or just the mark of the master with the first letter of the name. Also, the name of the city where it was produced, for example, Taxco. But common in all markings always goes Mexico, which means produced in Mexico.
According to the law of Mexico, all silver products of this country, regardless of whether they were made by the master “on the knee” or at the factory, since 1948, must have the “Made in Mexico” or “Mexico” stamp and sample.
With this stamp you can find out the years jewelry production. Anyway, when buying silver Mexican vintage jewelry, there is no doubt that it will be a good 925 sterling silver, not to mention the value and beauty of the vintage item itself.
The vintage jewelery market offers Mexican silver jewelry inlaid with abalone – most common in the sale. As a rule, these are decorations in the traditional theme of the Indians. They are with fancy patterns and ornaments. Such jewelry is very interesting and demanded by collectors. Traditionally, it has a lot of silver and visible high-quality work of the master. There are very expensive specimens, and the older the decoration and the harder the pattern of abalone – the more expensive the product.
In fact, the mass production of silver jewelry in Mexico for tourists began in 1920. At the same time, when the modern Mexican jewelry industry began to develop, archaeological excavations opened masterpieces of ancient jewelry art.
From 1948 to 1980, Mexican jewelers, along with other symbols, names and emblems, marked silver products with various styles of stamps depicting an eagle. According to some sources, the exact marking of silver products by an eagle began even earlier, since 1946. Besides, a stamping number put next to it, indicated the location and identification of the manufacturer. One corresponded to the city of Mexico City, and three to Taxco. However, images of eagle symbols were not reliable dating or identification systems.
Noteworthy, in 1980, in Mexico appeared a new system for registering silversmiths. According to this system – all silverware stamped with letters and numbers, where the first symbol — the letters, indicated the name of the city of production. And the second symbol meant the surname of the silversmith. Also, the adjacent numerical value was the number under which the master was registered — in the given city. Traditionally, the cities where the silversmiths had registration were Mexico City and Taxco.
Some Mexican silver can be noted as – “Alpaca” or “Alpaca Silver”. However, alpaca is not a silver alloy: copper, nickel, zinc and most often iron, used to replace silver. The alpaca alloy does not really contain silver, however, products made from it can be coated with sterling silver or 925 silver.
Alpaca Silver is a type of silver that has the same properties as stainless steel, that is, it has no color and does not oxidize in air. If you superficially cover jewelry made of alpaca with silver of the highest standard, then such products will look very attractive. In Latin America, a large number of jewelry is made from an alloy – alpaca.
The most famous center of silver craft in Mexico is the city of Taxco. The name of the city in the country serves as a synonym for the word “silver.” Meanwhile, the history of the jewelry industry in Taxco is inextricably linked with the activities of the American artist and silver master William Spartling. In the 30s of XX century he opened his own school in the city and taught the art of processing precious metals. Thus, he made it possible for talented young people to creatively demonstrate their skills.
Soon, the skillful works of Tasco jewelers gained worldwide recognition and fame. Thanks to the care and support of Spartling over time, many of these craftsmen opened their own workshops and shops. Spartling jewelry, exported mainly to the United States, brought fame to Taxco. Today, almost half of the residents of the city are to some extent involved in the industry of production and sale of silver jewelry. Now in the town of Taxco, there is a museum dedicated to the life, work and creativity of the inspirer of local masters W. Spartling.