Turtle in jewellery
Amulets in the form of a turtle are found in ancient Egypt. In China, sacred turtle has long been a mascot of wisdom and long life, carved figures of turtles on roofs of wooden houses served as a protection from fire. In India, the giant wise turtle Kurma was one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu, and its feet, according to ancient myths, served as a support to space. In Mongolian myths, golden turtle holds the central mountain of the universe, and in many mythologies, it was seen as a symbol of material existence, as a mediator between heaven and earth. In the ancient East, it was considered (these beliefs took over Europe) that tortoise shell protects the home from evil spells and the Grail, the cup from it will protect against poison, and tortoiseshell bracelets – from any damage. In the ancient world and ancient Mexico, tortoise, because of the large number of laid eggs was recognized a mascot of fertility.
Interesting facts. Turtle Days are celebrated in Mid-June, in Churubusco, Indiana, US. The origins of this unusual festival can be traced back to 1948, when a farmer named Gale Harris spotted a huge turtle one day while patching his roof. Since the lakes around town were known as prime turtle-breeding grounds, the turtle’s appearance was not surprising. But its apparent size was—four or five feet wide and six feet long, according to Harris and others who glimpsed it. Harris tried every way he could think of to capture the monster, but the turtle always managed to escape.
Finally he went to the lengths of pumping water out of the lake, but just as there remained only about an acre of water in the lake, Harris got appendicitis. By the time he recovered from surgery, it had rained, ruining the dams and refilling the lake.
The town decided to capitalize on all the publicity it had received—newspapers around the country had been reporting on the search for the turtle, now dubbed Oscar, ‘‘the Beast of ‘Busco’’ and organize a community festival. The first Turtle Days festival was held in 1950. Now held annually in mid-June, the event features a parade with a turtle float, booths selling turtle soup, and turtle races.
Jewellery Art (Russian) Illustrated guide to jewelry. Publisher ART SPRING, published in Russian, 2005
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World- Dictionary 2005