Rene Lalique Art Nouveau jewellery
Rene Jules Lalique (1860 – 1945) – French jeweler and glass-maker, one of the outstanding representatives of Art Nouveau. Rene Lalique was a revolutionary in jeweler’s art in every sense of the word. Pushing aside gold and diamonds, he experimented with amber, enamel, metal alloys, glass, favorite semi-precious stones, horn and tortoiseshell. And – the most interesting – the public madly in love with his ornaments. The images and figures appeared out of the very thick fog of Nouveau: dragonflies and scarabs, peacocks and ears of wheat, thin silhouettes of women: in some of them is possible to recognize the features of Rene Lalique muse Augustine-Alice Ledru, whose father and brother used to assist Roden. Rene Lalique always followed the rule of three French “F” – Femme, Fauna, Flora, which still remains the motto of the house.
At his thirty-seven years, Rene Lalique – Commander of the Order of Legion of Honor. Made by him jewelry was bought by museums, collectors, and Empress – wholesale, directly at the exhibition. Emile Galle, colleague and eternal rival, bursts into a newspaper article, which called Lalique “founder of modern jewelry art” (the very Galle, with whom Lalique shared Grand Prix at the World Exhibition of 1900).
With the arrival of the XX century, Lalique changed the direction – now he is interested in glass, from which he makes sculptures, dishes, perfume bottles and mascots for vehicles, lamps, vases and even furniture. His son Mark, after his father’s death refocused the family production on crystal. Hermitage storerooms in St. Petersburg keep a lot of the work of Rene Lalique: they were bought at one time by the whole Russian aristocracy headed by the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna.
Unusual colored glass and glass coated with a patina (enamel color) – the hallmark of Lalique pieces. Recipe of the famous Lalique opalescent glass is still the “trade secret.” In his later years, Rene Lalique was busy with “large forms” – designing hotels, churches, restaurants. Light panels, chandeliers, door panels, pillars, serving items, tableware, interior decorations, fountains, and many other things were produced by the firm in 1930th-40th. Rene Jules Lalique was born on 6 April 1860, Ay, Marne, died 5 May 1945, Paris. He started a glassware firm, named after himself, which still remains successful. After the death of Rene Lalique, his firm passed to his son – Marc Lalique, and then granddaughter, Marie-Claude.