Long history of famous Cartier jewelry house
Cartier jewelry house
Born Louis-Francois Cartier in 1819 in France, his family was not wealthy. His father was engaged in the production of horns for gunpowder, and the boy’s mother was sure that he would follow in the footsteps of his father. However, even at an early age, Louis showed interest in art. Fortunately, parents decided to develop his talent, and Louis Francois went to Paris to study at Adolphe Picard’s workshop. Noteworthy, in 1847 Louis-François Cartier bought Picard’s workshop. Thus, the history of Cartier jewelry began.
Six years later Cartier opened a second workshop in Paris. Two weeks after the opening of the second Cartier salon, the best friend of Princess Matilda, the niece of Napoleon Bonaparte, entered the shop. Naturally, then Cartier did not even suspect this, and the countess, meanwhile, bought three brooches.
Having examined the brooches more closely, the Countess fell in love with the work of the master. Next, she showed her unsurpassed purchases to Princess Mathilde and Empress Eugenia, the wife of Napoleon the Third. Of course, all women who were true connoisseurs of jewelry art, appreciated the amazing decorations. For three years the royal people have purchased from Louis Cartier more than 150 ornaments. Undoubtedly, Cartier gained fame from all high-ranking individuals, and Princess Mathilde became patroness of Cartier. Of course, this patronage was incredibly useful for Cartier.
When the Duchess of Windsor first put on this necklace, it produced a furor. Interestingly, the Windsors themselves provided precious stones for the products ordered by them. This necklace is divided into two semi-precious brooches, two pairs of earrings and an emerald ring.
Cartier jewelry house
Noteworthy, Louis Francois Cartier, in addition to jewelry, produced perfume bottles and toilet water, buckles and various handbags. The French, who was always avid for everything beautiful and even pretentious, made lots of orders.
The vast majority of the royal families of Europe had their own accounts in the shops of Cartier.
Exhibited at the Salon of Paris in 1925, Cartier jewelry influenced all jewelry production of the 1920s-1930s, contributing to the approval of the Art Deco style. The Cartier art deco style of the 1920s was based, rather, on the strict geometric constructions of the garland style than on the experiments of Cubist artists. Also, the Far East, India and Persia influenced the design, choice of subjects, materials and chromatic combinations in Cartier products. Original Indian carved beads and Chinese mother of pearl plates with inlay with oriental motifs were in the decorations of the Cartier House. Chinese pagodas, chimeras and dragons, Egyptian hieroglyphs, stylized animals and flowers in abundance adorn and products in the European spirit.
By the end of the 1930s, stylized natural motifs flooded in jewelry art inspired Cartier to create series of exquisite brooches. In particular, ladybirds, roses and camellias, as well as his famous clips in the form of an Indian head or a Moor carved from stone and decorated with enamel and diamonds.
Environmental issues, the destruction of flora and fauna made many jewelers turn to nature in search of themes for their products in the 1980s and 1990s. The motif of the Panther, which became for the House “Cartier” a symbol of aggressive female sensuality and mobility, satisfied the tastes of a modern woman.
Cartier jewelry house
The heirs of the family dynasty were three sons of Alfred – Louis Joseph, Pierre Camille and Jacques Theodul. They played a role in the history of the development of the family business, because they made the brand name world famous. Pierre promoted the brand in Russia and the United States, and Jacques developed business in the countries of the Persian Gulf. While younger brothers were working to expand the geography of sales, the elder Louis Joseph made beautiful jewelry.
1. It was Cartier who were the first to use platinum in jewelry art.
2. Cartier was the first watchmaker who began to popularize the wristwatch.
3. King Edward VII of England declared that Cartier was “Jeweler of kings and king among jewelers”. In fact, Cartier received this recognition not only in England. He was also a favorite of the French king Napoleon III, King of Portugal Carlos I, and the king of the Russian Empire Nicholas II.