Kaleidoscope effect

Jewellery kaleidoscope

Buryat woman traditional jewellery decorations

Buryat woman traditional jewellery decorations

Buryat woman traditional jewellery decorations

Buryat woman traditional jewellery decorations

First of all, Buryat women paid great attention to jewelry. Female ornaments of eastern Buryats were distinguished by complexity and multicomponent. Made mainly of silver with inserts from coral (the most valuable was considered pink coral), turquoise and amber. Traditionally, the headdress of the Eastern Buryats is as follows: the upper part of the headdress denotes the sky – tengeri, red tassels – the rays of the sun – the naran, the lower part – the ground – the gasar. Hanging on the chest from a headdress, temple ornaments and earrings symbolize the stars, the sun, the moon, rain, snow, etc. Neck and breast decorations (guu) have fertile symbolism and correspond to the sign – Earth.

Coral jewelry decorate the national costume of a Buryat woman

Coral jewelry decorate the national costume of a Buryat woman

Wearing earrings in the ears, rings, bracelets, chains had in ancient times a magical meaning, which is now virtually lost. The explanation is as follows: each person has a soul, life energy. And the soul can leave the body through the protruding limbs of the body – fingers, feet, earlobes, eyes, nostrils, and mouth. In order to “close” these exits, women wore earrings on the earlobe, and they wore rings on the fingers. But since it is difficult to wear rings on all the fingers, they “closed” the whole arm with a bracelet, put a chain around the neck, and a necklace – all the holes on the head “closed”.

Khoolopsha

Khoolopsha

The festive breast ornament “Khoolopsha” consists of five plaques, gradually becoming heavier downwards, where the largest of them has an unusual outline. The central circle – usually edged with teeth; between the four large ones, four smaller ones are visible, both located crosswise, organically fitting into a square with slightly curved sides. On the patterns of such ornaments there is a steadily repeating motif of the combined figures, which symbolize the solar disk and eight directions: the four main and four small, intermediate. Modern “Khoolopsha” is a silver or gold coin on a chain traditionally given by the groom’s side during matchmaking. Ladies’ breast decorations include guu – boxes of silver, in which women kept the texts of prayers or religious relics.

Old photo of Buryat woman in national costume, early 20th century

Old photo of Buryat woman in national costume, early 20th century

The national costume changed with the transition of a woman from one age period to another, as well as with a change in the role in society, and the family.

One of the most outstanding masters of jewelry art in Buryatia was Bulat Gandenovich Zhambalov (1952 – 2016), whose works are represented in the gallery.

Buryat woman traditional jewellery decorations

A male set 'Nomad' - a Buryat knife with a suspension, a tube, a pouch, a flint. Silver, coral, malachite, mahogany, leather, hardened steel, corals, chasing, punching, forging

A male set ‘Nomad’ – a Buryat knife with a suspension, a tube, a pouch, a flint. Silver, coral, malachite, mahogany, leather, hardened steel, corals, chasing, punching, forging

Ancient women's set of Buryat women - Hiihe, Guu (amulet box), pendant 'Lion'. Silver, corral, bells

Ancient women’s set of Buryat women – Hiihe, Guu (amulet box), pendant ‘Lion’. Silver, coral, bells

Buryat jeweler Bulat Zhambalov (1952 - 2016)

Buryat jeweler Bulat Zhambalov (1952 – 2016)

Collection of Buryat Designer Shide Naidanova

Collection of Buryat Designer Shide Naidanova

Designer Shide Naidanova creates images of modern Buryat

Designer Shide Naidanova creates images of modern Buryat

Explanation of Buryat folk costume

Explanation of Buryat folk costume

Female set 'Rich Bride'. Silver, coral, bells

Female set ‘Rich Bride’. Silver, coral, bells

Headgear for Buryat, Mongol - an object endowed with a special sacredness

Headgear for Buryat, Mongol – an object endowed with a special sacredness

Pendant Wall Pano 'Lion Guardian'. Silver, chasing

Pendant Wall Pano ‘Lion Guardian’. Silver, chasing

The full Buryat female set 'Sagalgaan' - Danze, guu, zurhen guu, hiihe, two bracelets, a ring, earrings. Silver, corral, malachite, chasing, filigree, enamel

The full Buryat female set ‘Sagalgaan’ – Danze, guu, zurhen guu, hiihe, two bracelets, a ring, earrings. Silver, corral, malachite, chasing, filigree, enamel

The national costume changed with the transition of a woman from one age period to another, as well as with a change in the situation in society, the family

The national costume changed with the transition of a woman from one age period to another, as well as with a change in the situation in society, the family

Traditional jewelry decoration of a Buryat woman

Traditional jewelry decoration of a Buryat woman

Women's clothing strictly corresponded to the age of women

Women’s clothing strictly corresponded to the age of women

sources of images
public groups
vk.com/journal_yurta
vk.com/myburyaty